慢性病

慢性病是伊利诺伊州死亡和残疾的主要原因。Six common chronic diseases – cancer, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and pulmonary conditions – account for the majority of the 10 leading causes of death in the state and affect more than 6.7 million Illinoisans, more than half its population (Illinois Center for Health Statistics). These conditions shorten lives, reduce quality of life and create considerable burden for caregivers. The human cost is enormous, but the economic cost also is great. Studies have found Illinois spends more than $12.5 billion a year in health care dollars to treat chronic diseases. The financial burden from the impact of lost work days and lower employee productivity during the same period resulted in an annual economic loss of $43.6 billion. These conditions also decrease human productivity. Over the course of three years (2006-2008), more than one million years of productive life was lost in Illinois due to chronic disease (Illinois Center for Health Statistics). Chronic diseases occur more often with age. With the aging of the baby boomer generation, Illinois will experience a dramatic increase in chronic disease in the next 20 years.

慢性病是与个人健康和生活方式选择相关的很大程度上可预防的条件。通过健康的饮食,定期体育活动和避免烟草制品,可以防止至少80%的早产,中风和2型糖尿病和40%的癌症诊断。

伊利诺伊beplay体育软件下载州公共卫生部(部门)致力于通过支持公共卫生政策,沟通,监测和流行病学,评估和社区动员的协同方法来解决慢性疾病的负担;加强慢性疾病相关临床和其他预防服务的递送和使用;有效的慢性疾病管理。

慢性病预防和控制司隶属于健康促进办公室。该部门由许多项目组成,共同的目标是减少伊利诺斯州的慢性疾病负担。这些项目包括: